Deep down, I am a very rational. I like things to be coherent. Human beings and life itself are neither logical nor consistent by nature.
To play the devil’s advocate, there is no reason to believe there is a soul, nor an after-life. Why should we obey laws and order when they are not more than a collective dream? What is good and what is bad, when something that pleases me may bother you? What is consciousness, by the way? Nothing more than chemical interactions in brain and an instrument of survival?
Our current “religion” the science says we know nothing, and even what we know can be subject to change. Doubt and by that admitting that we are ignorant left us with no solid ground. We evolved in the last century more than in the past 2000 years. Our lives are better due to our continuous push of knowledge and boundaries, by leaving behind old for new, or transforming the archaic into modern. Our ancestors could not dream of such technological endeavours: being able to go around the planet in 48 hours, growing organs in laboratories, curing almost all major diseases etc. However, by questioning everything, standard explanations to fundamental questions previously answered by religion and not giving any alternative instead than us into a state of existential anxiety. You can’t measure value without a scale, and we can’t agree with is the right measurement for meaning.
I am reflexive. A man’s worth is not given by its answers but by the questions he poses.
However, I don’t like to leave some questions unaswwerd. Why do good?
There is no rational explanation for why you should do good instead of bad. Sometimes, lying and cheating can bring you more benefits than telling the truth. Furthermore, it is easier to be resentful after something bad happens to you and then pour out your pain and anger into the world because now you have a justification. When the world is mean you have to become that way too in order to survive, no?
I don’t think so. I’ve said this before and I’ll do it again. Humans are neither good or bad but transformation agents that can produce good or bad. We always get the results of our outputs, not inputs. What do I mean by that? You do good, you get good. You do bad you get bad. You lie and cheat someone, you’ll get lied to and cheated because that is what you put out and that is what you get. I try (most of the time I succeed, other times I am too tired) to be kind, compassionate, reliable and encourage people to unravel their potential because I know that is how I like to be treated.
In absence of any rational distinction between good or bad what you can do is to treat others as you would like to be treated.